This is an article from the July-August 2011 issue: Overcoming Poverty

Poverty, Getting to the Heart of the Matter

Poverty, Getting to the Heart of the Matter

We’ve all seen them, awful pictures of little children with emaciated bodies, video scenes of long lines of desperate parents seeking help for the children they love at some overrun clinic in some desolate, fly-infested area of Africa or Asia. Or perhaps you have seen stories about the people living off of the garbage piles in Manila or Tijuana. It breaks our hearts. We all wish that something could be done to “fix” this problem and stop the suffering. We feel helpless against such overwhelming need. Is there anything that can be done? Does the Church of Jesus Christ really have the solution to this problem?

There are many believers who feel that caring for the poor is one of their highest priorities as an expression of their faith. Others say that church planting and discipleship must take priority. Perhaps God has called us to do both in ways that reinforce each other. But how do we go about helping to raise people out of poverty? We see one generation after another grow up and die in poverty with very little change. Is it even possible to make a difference?


Money Is Not the Answer.
Aid Is Not Enough

There are many voices inside and outside the Church that say, “We just need to be more generous.” But is this really the long-term answer? If everyone in the “developed world” were to give the poor 10 percent of their income, would this solve the problem? Would trillions of dollars collected in the West and shipped off to Africa make any long-term difference in overcoming poverty? It hasn’t so far.

As Peter Greer of Hope International reports in A Hand Up Not a Handout, it is estimated that over three trillion dollars has been donated to Africa since 1970. In the process the economic growth rates of many African countries have plummeted. If generosity was all that was needed, should not the three trillion dollars have been enough to at least make a dent in the poverty problem in Africa? Yet things have actually gotten worse. Should we continue to send money in the vain hope of someday making a difference or do we need to rethink our approach?

Empower the Poor to Find the Answer

Regardless of how good our intentions are, without the essential foundation of biblical character all efforts to overcome poverty will fail-no matter how much money is sent. When it comes to poverty, a lack of money is not the cause of the problem, and tons of cash is not the solution. There is nothing wrong with helping people through a desperate situation, and we should do all we can when lives are in imminent danger, but we must focus our efforts on what helps people get out of poverty--not keep them continually dependent on outsiders for their survival.

The strategies employed to help the poor must encourage and support the individual and community efforts of the poor to change their own situation. No amount of outside aid and outside solutions can replace local initiative. No amount of hard work by outsiders can replace the ongoing hard work of the local people in creating jobs and staring their own businesses. The local people have to be empowered to take responsibility for their own lives and be given the spiritual tools, business skills and freedom that can enable them to lift themselves out of poverty. Is there a role for outside help? Yes, but it has to be centered around changing lives from the inside out, not simply putting expensive band-aids on the situation that will eventually wear off. The healing and transformation must come from inside. We can help in this process, but we cannot and should not do it for them.

The Church Has What the Poor Need Most

Steve Corbett and Brian Fikkert, the authors of the marvelous book, When Helping Hurts, explain in What Is the Problem? that poverty ultimately derives from the Fall of man and the four broken relationships that have resulted. These are with God, with others, with ourselves and with creation as a whole. These broken relationships have affected all of us, but for the poor they have become a crushing burden that Satan has used to convince the poor to believe a lie and keep them in poverty.

Scott Todd explains in Poverty Is a Lie that the poor have internalized the lies, “Give up! You don’t matter. Nobody cares about you. Look around you: Things are terrible. Always have been, always will be.” These are the lies of fatalism, victimhood and powerlessness. They have lost the hope that they or anyone else can change their situation. They have come to believe that no amount of hard work can change their circumstances. These lies must be defeated in order for the poor to get out of poverty, and they can only be defeated by presenting them with the truth of God’s love and power through Jesus Christ--just what the Church is best able to provide.

As we establish Church Planting Movements within every people, we will encounter the poor and the lies that have kept them in bondage. As they come to Christ and begin to believe the Truth, they will have the power to defeat these lies and to lay the spiritual foundation from which they can raise themselves out of poverty.

In order to overcome poverty and stay out of poverty, all of us, including the poor, must be committed to doing what is right in the eyes of God--living by biblical principles. When we do, we build up what Ken Eldred calls Spiritual Capital, which is essential for any economy to flourish. (See Spiritual Capital by Ken Eldred.)

Biblical principles such as honesty, integrity, trustworthiness etc. are essential for an economy to work. The foundation of successful economies is the trust that is built through honest interaction between people. If you destroy trust between people in a society through dishonest transactions and corruption, the economy will decline. The poorest countries on Earth are often riddled with corruption and violence at every level of a society, from the government on down. The biblical character traits that make a prosperous society possible come from lives transformed by Jesus through an effective discipleship process.

Ken Eldred gives the following example: “If one sells something with true weights and measures, then he has completed an honest transaction and has added spiritual capital to his and the nation’s account. However, if one fails to fulfill his commitment to replace any defective products he sells, then he has proven untrustworthy and dishonest and has withdrawn spiritual capital from his and the nation’s account.”

This has profound implications on the development, success, and culture of an economy... . (including our own). There’s a relationship between economic prosperity and the pervasiveness of biblical values in the culture. Douglass North won a Nobel Prize in economics for demonstrating which “institutions” in a society characterize successful economies. He proved that the trust factor, when pervasive in a society, is one of the “institutions” that lead to a better economy.

Without a moral structure based on biblical principles, short-term self-interest becomes the prime motivation, and people will lie, cheat and steal to get what they want instead of doing the hard honest work that builds the trust and spiritual capital that makes successful economic interaction possible. Transformed lives are the foundation upon which any society can build an economy and overcome poverty.

But economic growth does not come automatically when people commit their lives to Jesus. People need training in ordinary basics like personal money management, how to run a business and good work habits. This should be part of our discipleship too as we plant churches. Church planting should lead to economic growth among the poor. If it doesn’t, then something is wrong.

With a combination of effective discipleship and practical, locally-based economic solutions the poor can come to believe that they can do all things through Christ, including raising themselves and others out of poverty. They can then create their own wealth and not be dependent on outsiders for their survival.

Financial Partner Update

Last time I introduced a new initiative to encourage our readers to financially support the work of Mission Frontiers through a monthly gift of $15 or a yearly gift of $180. I promised to keep you posted on our progress. We had 14 donors the last time I wrote. In just the three weeks that the previous issue of MF has been out at this writing, we have added 18 more partners for a total of 32. We are looking for 1,500 donors, so we have a long way to go, but we are making progress. Please consider joining our support team.


I agree 100% in your article. How I pray that I could be involved in a ministry like you have. Presently, we are praying that God will lead us to a ministry that would integrate church planting, discipleship and how it affects the lives of those whom we are ministering… in this life… and much more in the life to come (as we wait for its coming with joy and anticipation…)


Thank you for your kind words of support. The gospel IS the power of God unto salvation and transformation. Money is not the solution to most problems since money is only a representation of the wealth that has been created through hard work and risk taking. It is out of the biblical character of the individual that a person is able to produce wealth through a good deal of hard work. Money cannot replace the character and hard work of people.

“Wait a minute, I’ve been reading “T4T: A Discipleship Rerevolution” and still want to talk about Discipleship, CPM’s, and Jesus Movements.” That’s OK, though, my interest is meshing up PD to T4T. PD fits in the current issue because it has to do with solving the problems of the poor—“The Power of Positive Deviance” by Pascale, Sternin & Sternin. Has anyone else noticed that Jerry Sternin’s development of PD is SO interrelated with T4T’s practice sessions, intercultural adaptation of T4T & CPM, etc.Is anyone thinking about this, working on a mesh-up of T4T with PD? T4T is wonderful, light years ahead of most of our Discipleship, but it leaves me thinking SO much more is also possible. Quick, let’s get on it!

T4T: A Disciple… is important, very important. It needs to be a worldwide mega-best seller. I wish you would do an ad for it in each issue, just because it’s that important. Here’s what I’ve been sending people….you can do much better.

1-of-a-kind, filled with insight and very personal stories of victory and defeat—you’ll laugh, you’ll cry. Breathtaking, life-changing. Get “T4T: A Discipleship Re-Revolution”, right now.

Dear Ripalinsky,

I am very much with you regarding the importance of adapting T4T principles to everything we are called to do.

I would love to be in contact with you (an anyone else interested in this subject).

Please contact me through my author form here on the MF Site.


Understood the generosity of the Church is not enough to lift the poorest in the world out of poverty, and the important role of the Church to share the spiritual tools and business skills to empower folks.

What I found missing from your editorial and this issue of MF as a whole was how social justice issues can have a devastating effect on people in the developing world.

For example, parts of Africa are rich in commodities that the West wants and needs, such as oil, minerals, and timber. With a few notable exceptions, these commodities have been a curse on the countries that have them, enriching elites and their business partners overseas, while most of the people live in oppression. Consider the Democratic Republic of Congo where fighting over the mineral wealth has resulted in several million deaths over the past 16 years, has created massive refugee situations,and fueled an epidemic of rape. I’m not convinced that teaching the people of the Congo better business skills and giving them the right “spiritual tools” are enough to lift them out of this situation. What is needed is a regional peace and an end to the destructive grab for Congo’s riches. This would at least if the Congolese a fighting chance to grow their businesses and perhaps their spiritual resources.

Informative. Thought provoking. Lately I was thinking, how a country can decline (because of complacency and laziness) when Christianity has taken root and has firmly been established. This view of mine may be partly from my own experience as a person who has been given much (grace and mercy) but wasted because of my bad habits. Your article is an apt reminder to me that….first a country or person will be succesfull when they change from inside and do what is right in the sight of God (like you said having the character traits honesty, integrity, etc..) But it remains to us how we protect those values and continue to influence generations to come…this is essential to continue our legecy of good Christian values and principles. Seeking God and obeying His commands will help us to come out of our problems. 
I started to read your magazine and articles and just want to say that continue the good work. God Bless

Leave A Comment

Commenting is not available in this channel entry.