This is an article from the September-October 2011 issue: Making Disciples

Feeding the Wolves

Feeding the Wolves

The intensifying pace of world evangelism is feeding the wolves. Sheep are dying at an ever-increasing pace.

The problem? Decisions are taking precedence over discipleship. In the process, there is an increasing gap between the numbers who are deciding for Christ and the numbers who are being trained as disciples. The wolves are eating the difference.

Is it time to slow the pace of evangelism and to increase the pace of training and discipleship?

“But, you’re knowingly leaving the masses in darkness and the prospect of eternal damnation.”

Is it any worse to offer Christ to people, who, after having decided for Him, lose their faith for lack of training in Christian living, Bible study, sound theology, and apologetics? Could this be the point of Jesus’ story in Luke 11:23-26, where an evil spirit, having been cast out of a person, rounds up seven more spirits to re-inhabit the poor man? “And the final condition of that man is worse than the first.” Matthew’s account adds this application: “That is how it will be with this wicked generation” (Mt. 12:45b).

The Parable of the Sower (Mt. 13:1-9) should also give us pause. Is it any joy that so many sprang up “quickly” and then “withered” (v.5) or were eventually “choked?” The former “quickly falls away” because of “trouble and persecution” (v. 21). The latter is choked by the worries and cares of this life (v. 22). In both cases, there is no fruit and the metaphorical wolves have been fattened.

A little reflection on the metaphor should alarm us. Does a wolf need fully-grown animals, the kind that can and have been reproducing, bearing children, for its food? Hardly. It prefers the weaker and younger offspring. Newborns are just fine, if you can get to them. Just as young sheep are easy prey for wolves, so are young, undiscipled believers. Masses and masses of young, undiscipled believers, left without training and solid food for growth, leave the wolves salivating overtime. And, reproducing overtime, as well.

Dare we ask ourselves if the proliferation of cults and perverse systems with some tenuous link to the Bible are not due to the masses of tender converts upon which to feed and to prey? Is it surprising that the “burned-over” district of upstate New York (a region where every square inch of land was somehow touched by the Second Great Awakening) gave rise to all sorts of false cults (including Mormonism) in the following several decades?

Evangelism no doubt maintains the size of the sheep herd. And, so the church is growing, at least nominally. But, it may also be unwittingly fattening, strengthening and vitalizing the enemies of truth, at the same time.

If it is true that a high evangelism-to-discipleship ratio is actually strengthening the position of fiendish unbelief, how might this situation have occurred? It is because Western-funded and managed Christian movements have measured success in terms of numbers of converts instead of measuring evidences of transformation in people and society. Another way of framing this is to say that modern believers, under the spell of reductionist, modern Western thinking, have so emphasized the evangelistic mandate of Matt. 28:19-20 as to virtually ignore the equally compelling cultural mandate of Genesis 1 and 2. Lest this be seen as re-visiting the old “quantity vs. quality” dilemma, we agree that the book of Acts is replete with numbers of converts (such as Acts 2), but the real questions is: “How did the early believers measure the success of their mission?”

Success was measured by evidences of the Kingdom. Personal and social transformation were the sine qua non of the early Christian movement. The Apostolic Church beheld the joy of community, of God’s reality in their midst. Convert-making programs don’t seem to have headed their agenda.

But, let us go back further to Jesus Himself. How did He measure the success of His mission? When the Apostles came back to Jesus after their first journey, He said, “I’ve seen Satan fall!” We don’t see Him quizzing them about the numbers of converts they made. In His earlier instruction before He sent them out, He didn’t lay emphasis on methods. He rather said “Proclaim the Kingdom!”

On top of that, He threw up big barriers to discipleship. The narrow road was hardly inviting. The promise of martyrdom attracted the hearty few. If Jesus’ view of success was tied into numbers of converts, He was a failure.

A final clue comes in Jesus’ High Priestly prayer of John 17. He seems to measure His success by indicating that He had completed the work assigned to Him by His Father, by which He brought glory to the Father. His prayer (at the end of the chapter) is not that more will be added to the small group of followers, but, rather, that they will display an incredible, unheard-of unity.

Let us move to Paul, the best-known of the Apostles, besides Peter. Are there commands to witness, to make converts? Precious few, if any, dot his letters; rather, his letters are written with the clear intent of training and discipleship.

While his epistles offer very little by way of exhortation to evangelism, what we do see are intense commands to effect transformation by the power of the Holy Spirit. And lurking in the background are warnings about our menacing Enemy. He lurks about to devour, to cast fireballs, to deceive, and so forth. His “front-men” (literally) are those who “take capitives by means of hollow and deceptive philosophy.” They are “mutilators of the flesh, men who do evil” “hypocritical liars” who teach people to “abandon the faith and to follow deceiving spirits.” To summarize, Paul recognized, as did Jesus, that transformation (not numbers of converts) is our goal, a goal that is constantly threatened by, among other things, the presence of false teachers and their teachings.

What is the modest proposal of this paper? Simply, that we throttle-back on evangelism and throttle-forward on discipleship. This is not a call for cessation of evangelism, but rather a plea for us to examine the reality of the situation—many converts, little transformation.

Understanding this may help to understand why places like sub-Saharan Africa teem with converts, and yet, the societies, at least, are going “to hell in a handbasket.” If Christians are the “salt of the earth” whose transformative impact should greatly outweigh our numbers, why are so many developing countries awash with converts and with crushing debt at the same time? Many of these converts will not be able to live long lives by which to glorify God as they fulfill their callings—and why?

Untaught to apply the truth to all dimensions of reality, unskilled in contextualizing Biblical truth in a way so that it transforms their worldview and their way of living, these believers are food for the wolf of hunger as well as the wolf of false teaching. One kills the body, the other the soul, and, in either case, God’s Kingdom is hindered.

Is it fair to suggest that our massive crusades and evangelistic campaigns are one vast feeding and breeding ground for the Enemy? Perhaps not, but are we honestly willing to face the problem of the masses of untaught, undiscipled believers?


We are to increase discipleship to full throttle to match evangelism, not throttle-back on evangelism if your organization is falling short on nurturing new converts to a deeper personal relationship with our Lord and a firm foundation in the word.

Interesting post. I respond here: . In brief, my thought: no. Instead, we should combine the two: emphasizing evangelism-through-discipleship.

Thank you for sharing this.

One of the problems that concerns me is what passive for evangelism in a lot of churches.  The preacher speaks on a topic, like family issues, thankfulness, or overcoming temptation.  But in his message, he does not say anything about the cross of Christ or how Christ rose from the dead.  He doesn’t explain that the Lord Jesus died for our sins or even that He is the Son of God.  The preacher does not explain who God is or what sin means.

But at the end of the message, he prays a prayer, and asks those who are missing something in their lives if they would like to ‘pray that prayer to receive Christ.’  A few people raise their hands.  Then the preacher has them repeat a prayer, a prayer that says nothing about the cross or the resurrection of Christ. The folks are now considered saved.

We have an amazing new system of evangelism.  Folks don’t even need to be presented with the basics of the Gospel or even have any faith to be considered saved.  They just have to repeat a prayer.  Repeat the prayer, and you are considered saved.  Don’t repeat it, and you aren’t considered saved even if you have faith, have made a confession of faith, and have been baptized.  Does this even qualify as making converts, much less disciples?

Fortunately,  not all churches are this way, but it is all to widespread in my experience.  What a dumb situation we have gotten into in some segments of evangelicalism. 

When churches that have such a shallow approach to evangelism send out missionaries, does their background supply them with the training they need to make disciples? 

The irony here is we don’t see the ‘repeat this prayer and you are saved’ idea in the Bible.  We don’t see the disciples having people repeat a prayer to be saved.  Peter preached that the Lord Jesus was prophesied about in the Old Testament, that He was crucified, and that God raised him from the dead and those cut to the heart asked him what to do.  He told them to repent and be baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus for the forgiveness of sins.  He did not say, “Repeat this prayer.”  The Ethiopian eunuch, according to some manuscripts, confessed his faith that Jesus was the Son of God before being baptized.  But there is no evidence of repeating a sinner’s prayer to be saved anywhere in scripture. 

I notice in the apostles’ presentations of the Gospel that they consistently preach about the cross of Christ and the resurrection.  Paul wrote, ‘that if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.”  Notice that one believes with the heart unto righteousness.  If we don’t tell them about the cross and the resurrection, how can they be saved?  And if we are able to convince them to repeat a few words after setting up the situation to get them to do it—like having the whole congregation repeat a prayer—does that mean they have faith?

In the Bible, the apostles didn’t just give a vague exhortation to ‘receive Jesus.’  There is no reference to Christ as ‘personal Savior.’  Yes, Christ is the Savior, but they didn’t create a phrase ‘personal Savior’ which means little to unbelievers without explanation.  Nor did they tell anyone to get saved by ‘asking Jesus into your heart.’ 

When Christ sent the eleven into the world, He did not say to go to all nations and somehow convince them to repeat a prayer after you.  He said to go into all the world and preach the Gospel to all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, and teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you.  So preaching the actual Gospel, baptizing and teaching (making disciples) are key to evangelism.

This is a great article!

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that I can be more like OUR TEACHER.
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I would like to add the following quote from another article in this month’s edition (from the article on William Carey):

The Bible provides a model of ministry where preaching, teaching, and healing are, in the words of Dr. Tetsunao Yamamori, “functionally separate, yet relationally inseparable.”7 Each part is distinct and deserves special attention and focus. Yet the parts must function together. Together they form a wholistic ministry that is both powerful and effective—a ministry able to transform lives and entire nations.

As a discipler of men, I agree that our Western mindset may be focusing on the preaching and healing parts to the detriment of transformational discipleship (the teaching part). However.,it seems impossible to throttle forward (or backward)in any of the three without affecting the other two.

Love your magazine!

Unfortunately, much of what passes for “discipleship” nowadays consists of Pharisaical legalists trying to make new believers into the same bastards (Jesus’ word, not mine)that they are.

I am sorry to make this observation, but I have seen it many times.

I agree with Bob Osburn that we need to up the ratio of discipleship to match those making decisions. Unfortunately several things in evangelicalism work against this:

- counting decisions and making them as statistics will ALWAYS wow more people and mission committees and people that send money and support for missions than saying we are “discipling” people more than converting them. This has to change. We need to stop over-valorizing evangelism to the detriment of discipleship. They go hand-in-hand.

- we also have a very flawed model of evangelism-discipleship. Evangelism IS a part of discipleship (which will address the issue of why so many small groups these days in churches tend to be “inward” focused). Conversely, good evangelism will always see the need for discipleship and not separate the two. Thus, one should lead into the other and vice versa. On this, I DO lay the blame on the Western dichotomy of separating one over the other and valorizing one over the other. We need to do both and do them well.

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